Dr. Anna Mirga-Kruszelnicka is an anthropologist and a Roma activist. She earned her Ph.D. in Social and Cultural Anthropology at the Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona (UAB) in 2016; holds an MA in European Integration from UAB and an MA in Comparative Studies of Civilizations from the Jagiellonian University in Cracow (UJ). She is the author of policy evaluations, reports and articles, and is the co-editor of the book “Education for Remembrance of the Roma Genocide: Scholarship, Commemoration and the Role of Youth” (Libron, 2015). From 2013 to 2015 she was an OSF Roma Initiatives Fellow, conducting a comparative study of the Roma associative movements in various countries of Latin America and Europe. Currently, she is also the coordinator and curator of the Roma Civil Rights Movement Section in the RomArchive – Digital Archive of the Roma.
This fellowship project aims to contribute to the scholarship on ethnic mobilization while making a relevant contribution to the field of Romani Studies. Building on previous and unpublished research conducted in Europe and Latin America, it will inquire into how Roma mobilize their collective ethnic identity for political action. The envisioned output of the fellowship – a book manuscript – will analyze Roma ethnic mobilization from a comparative perspective, in three different Spanish-speaking countries of the world: Spain, Colombia and Argentina. Ethnic mobilization will be assessed by taking into consideration the interplay between political opportunities, mobilizing structures and identity frames. The book will describe the genealogy of Roma ethnic mobilization from the perspective of actors themselves, through the prism of their discourses and action. Tracing parallel lineages of Roma ethnic mobilization in three countries and two continents will allow to draw broader conclusions regarding the nature of ethnic mobilization and will provide a unique description of political activism of a heterogeneous trans-national global Romani diaspora.
Ciprian Cătălin Necula holds a PhD in sociology from the SNSPA University in Bucharest with a thesis on ethnicity and economic strategies of Roma during Romanian Communism. He is teaching as visiting professor three courses at the Master in Politics, Gender and Minorities and Master in Romani Studies on Ethnicity and Masculinity, Public Policies for Roma and EU funds mechanisms for Roma inclusion. He is the coordinator of the Romani Studies master program. Over the years, he was acting as a Roma NGO activist, focusing on media, public communication, public participation and community development. He has as well, a longstanding international cooperation working with the Council of Europe (consultant), OSCE (election analyst) and World Bank (consultant). He served as State Secretary on EU funds in the Romanian Government, coordinator of Interministerial Group for Roma Inclusion and National Contact Point for Roma.
The aim of the fellowship is to elaborate a book manuscript on the social and political experiences of Roma during the Romanian Communism. A research in communist security archives, interviews with Roma leaders from the communist period, document analyses (such as the program on Roma from 1977 of the communist regime) will be developed during the fellowship program. A chapter of the manuscript will be centered on the Romani movement during Romanian Communism, how it was shaped and what the working mechanisms were. Ethnicity and economic strategies of Roma communities during Communism will be reflected in distinct chapters. The book (manuscript) shall contribute to Romani Studies and knowledge production of a period that is not sufficiently analyzed in relation to Roma, which, due social and economic policies, had a major impact on the current situation of Roma communities in Romania.